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Do you actually ever keeps a sibling?“: Salinger’s Holden Caulfield and you may Faulkner’s Quentin Compson

Do you actually ever keeps a sibling?“: Salinger’s Holden Caulfield and you may Faulkner’s Quentin Compson

Both possess very ambivalent feelings regarding the sex: while they chat otherwise remember sex nearly usually, and even boast in order to others about their intimate knowledge and experience, both are in reality afraid out of intercourse, in reality is self-confessed virgins

D. Salinger’s This new Catcher in the Rye, due to the fact title indicates, is a novel built on literary the thing is and you may allusions; because of this, the champion, Holden Caulfield, could have been compared to the many most other letters, of both Western and business literature.1 New closest from Holden’s bloodstream brothers, since the actually a basic questionnaire of your own complaint away from Salinger’s book will highlight, may be recognized as Huckleberry Finn.2 And you will indeed you can find famous likenesses between Huck and you can Holden: both are stressed adolescents while on the move–mentally, linguistically, and you may geographically–of an adult business which they see pretentious, hypocritical, low, cruel, and you will dangerous. step three Surprisingly, even when, these types of anxiousness and you can obsessions is only the of them presented of the William Faulkner’s Quentin Compson, one of several protagonists of one’s Voice and Rage. The answer to the fresh neurotic conclusion out-of one another letters can be based in the Freudian concept out-of anality, particularly because the you to idea might have been increased and you may reinterpreted by instance later psychologists since the Norman O. Brown and you can Ernest Becker. Both Holden and Quentin display personality traits which might be in the somebody whose innovation might have been detained at rectal stage.

The exterior parallels among them emails are often dependent, and you may striking. Both are smart, sensitive, introspective, well-told young men: Holden was good seventeen-year-dated preparing college student who checks out „much“ (18) and whoever finest subject is English (110); Quentin try an enthusiastic eighteen-year-dated freshman from the Harvard you never know Latin and you may quotes St. Francis. 4 Furthermore, one another Holden and Quentin enterprise their sexual stress onto its siblings, following a protective, „your government“ attitude and looking in order to club the fresh sisters‘ entrance into the carnal degree. In the long run, its perplexed and you can disturbed intellectual says direct both Holden and you will Quentin to help you remember committing suicide.5 Quentin, of course, in the place of Holden, actually comes after using towards his dying like to, to order a couple of apartment-irons getting looks loads following throwing himself of a link on the Charles Lake.

However the biggest information on Holden Caulfield’s characterization –their paralyzing fear of sex, their excessively protective thoughts towards his brother, and his awesome below average preoccupation having passing–are forgotten for the Twain’s portrait from Huck

Due to the fact advised before, the new unifying psychological grounds underlying each other Holden and Quentin’s anxieties out of sexuality, girls, and you may dying is to be based in the Freudian concept off anality. Considering Freud, the rationale of all the mature neurosis will be included in brand new suppressed sexual wishes off teens. Freud posited around three values away from infantile intimate innovation: the fresh new dental (beginning so you’re able to yearly), between your products of sucking and you may biting; the brand new rectal (that three-years), centering on the newest children’s fascination with the new arse and you will feces; and the phallic (two-and-a-half to help you half dozen years), focusing on brand new children’s knowledge of your snatch. If the child’s passageway compliment of each one of these phase is not negotiated effectively and you can gladly, new stifled drives often resurface when you look at the adulthood in the form of individuals neuroses. Centered on Freud, the newest mature characteristics which can be associated with denial and you will repression into the anal phase try orderliness (and additionally neatness), obstinacy, and parsimony (otherwise possessiveness).six

Having Freud, anal fascination and you will enjoy, such as the kid’s steps inside almost every other phase regarding infantile creativity, are primarily assertions of fulfillment principle over the truth and morality standards–so what can be viewed from inside the retrospect as futile efforts off the child to help you cling to help you an Edenic field of simple freedom and you may play facing upcoming exile to the mature realm of works and you may duty. But later psychologists for example Norman O. Brownish and you can Ernest Becker has aided me to just remember that , the fresh issue is significantly more challenging than also Freud got accepted. Inside the insightful and you will influential guide, Lives Against Passing, Brownish contends one to what is actually extremely being stamped towards the awareness of each people when you look at the anal stage is nothing shorter than „new dispute anywhere between our very own creature human body, rightly epitomized throughout the anal mode, and you will all of our pretentious sublimations, a great deal more specifically new pretensions away from sublimated or close-Platonic love“ (186). Put simply, the fresh anal status is short for the brand new children’s very first find having mortality and you can decay. Since the Becker notes, echoing Brownish, „Having rectal have fun with the guy is to get good philosopher of the human being reputation. However, as with any philosophers he is nevertheless limited by they, and his awesome chief task in life becomes brand new denial out-of exactly what the new arsehole stands for: you to definitely in reality, they are nothing but human anatomy in which characteristics is worried. Nature’s philosophy are bodily thinking, people philosophy try mental opinions, and though it use the loftiest flights he’s oriented on a stool, hopeless without one, constantly cut back so you’re able to it“ (31). This new disagreement educated because of the guy at anal stage, therefore, would be the fact of your own human body versus the brain otherwise heart, the genuine in place of an appropriate.

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